20 miles South-West of Pune, Toma or Prachangad was Shivaji's fust major con- quest. During the monsoon of 1646, a 15 year old Shivaji captured Toma. He had ob- served that the hill-top Toma fortress was left uninhabitated during the monsoons, when the army moved into the plains. Shivaji and his band moved into the for- tress and claimed it without bloodshed. He repaired it and launched what would be a long battle for freedom from the Mughals, Siddhis, British...