Bengal finds a coveted place even in pre-historic times. At the time of Alexander's
invasion a powerful king called Gangaridai ruled over Bengal Ascendancy of the
Guptas and the Mauryas had little effect on Bengal. Later Sasanka became King of
Bengal and is said to have played an important role in north-eastern India
in the early half of the seventh century. He was succeed by Gopala, who
founded the Plaa dynasty which ruled for centuries and had created a huge empire.
The Pllas were followed by the Sena dynasty which was ended by Muslim rulers
from Delhi. Various Muslim rulers and governors till the Mugahal period in 16th
century ruled Bengal.
After the Mugahls, history of modern Bengal begins with the advent of
European and English trading companies. the Battle of Plassey in 1775 changed
the course of history when the English first gained a strong foothold in Bengal
and India. In 1905 it was partitioned to achieve some political returns but people's
growing movement under the auspices of the congress Party led to the reunion in
1911. This triggered of the hectic movement for freedom which culminated with Independence
in 1947 and partition.
After 1947, the merger of native settlement began which ended with its final reorganization
in 1956 when some Bengali speaking areas of a neighbouring state were
transferred to west Bengal.