Home     E-mail


Travel to India by Road

Taj Mahal Travel Package

North India Travel Package

West India Travel Package

South India Travel Package

East India Travel Package

Central India Travel Package

Travel to India by Train

Taj Mahal Rail Tours

North India Rail Tours

West India Rail Tours

South India Rail Tours

Central India Rail Tours

Palace on Wheels Tours

India Royal Orient Tours

India Coach Tour

Taj Mahal Tours

Rajasthan Tours

Tour to India - Other

India Business Packages

India Wildlife Tours

India Buddhist Packages

India Religious Tours

India Culinary Tours

City Guides of India

Agra Travel

Aurangabad Travel

Bangalore Travel

Bombay Travel

Calcutta Travel

Chennai Travel

Delhi Travel

Goa Travel

Jaipur Travel

Jaisalmer Travel

Jodhpur Travel

Udaipur Travel

Varanasi Travel      more...

State Guides of India






Tamil Nadu       more...

India Hotels City wise

Agra Hotels

Aurangabad Hotels

Bangalore Hotels

Bombay Hotels

Calcutta Hotels

Chennai Hotels

Delhi Hotels

Goa Hotels

Jaipur Hotels

Jaisalmer Hotels

Jodhpur Hotels

Udaipur Hotels

Varanasi Hotels   more....

Chain Hotels in India

Holiday Inn
Le Meridian       more...

Heritage Hotels in India




Udaipur      more...

 India Travel Info

Beaches in India

General Information

Museums in India

Trekking in India
Wildlife in India

 Nepal Travel Guide


Tea Plantation

Tea is, of course, Darjeeling's most famous export. From its 78 gardens, employing over 40,000 people, it produces the bulk of West Bengal's crop, which is almost a quarter of India's total.
he tea from some of these estates is of very high quality. The world record for the highest price paid for tea is held by some fine leaves from the Castleton Estate in Darjeeling, for which a Japanese bidder paid US$220 per kg!
lthough the area has just the right climatic conditions for producing fine tea bushes, the final result is dependent on a complex drying process. After picking, the fresh green leaves are placed 15 to 25 cm deep in a 'withering trough' where the moisture content is reduced from 70% to 80% down to 30% to 40% using high-velocity fans. When this is completed, the withered leaves are rolled and pressed to break the cell walls and express their juices onto the surface of the leaves. Normally two rollings at different pressures are undertaken, and in between rolls the leaves are sifted to separate the coarse from the line. The leaves, coated with their juices, are then allowed to ferment on racks in a high-humidity room, a process which develops their characteristics aroma and flavour. This fermentation must be controlled carefully since either over or under-fermentation will ruin the tea.
his process is stopped by passing the leaves through a dry air chamber at 115 C to 120 C on a conveyer belt to further reduce the moisture content to around 2% to 3%.

he last process is the sorting of the tea into gardens. In their order of value they are: Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe (unbroken leaves), Golden Broken Orange Pekoe, orange Fannings and Dust (the latter three consisting of broken leaves).
n the last few years modern agricultural practices have been brought to the tea estates to maintain and improve their viability. The tea plantations were one of the first agricultural enterprises to use clonal plants in their replanting scheme, though most of the tea trees are at least 100 years old and nearing the end of their useful of even natural lives. The ageing plants and deteriorating soil causes grave concern, since tea not earns the country valuable export revenue, but also provides much employment in the area. With the collapse of the USSR the Darjeeling tea planters lost their best customers and have had to look for new markets. Some have simply switched to growing cardamom, which is more profitable. There's not a big home market for Darjeeling; most Indians prefer the stronger Assam variety.
he most convenient plantation to visit is the Happy Valley Tea Estate; only two km from the centre of Darjeeling, where tea is still produced by the 'orthodox' method as opposed to the 'Curling, Tearing and Crushing' (CTC) method adopted on the plains. However, it's only worth going when plucking is in progress (April to November ) because it's only then that the processing takes place. It's open daily from 8am to noon and 1 to 4.30 pm, except on Monday and Sunday afternoon. An employee might latch on to you, whisk you around the factory and then demand some outrageous sum for his trouble.

Sightseeing in West Bengal

Victoria Memorial India Museum Eden Gardens St. Paul Cathedral Tiger Hill Senchal Lake Kanchenjunga Dhirdham Temple Gymkhana Club Llyod Botanical Gardens Gompas Flower Nurseries Nature Interpretation Centre

General Info Trekking Sports Museums Personalities Dances

Wildlife Map Beaches Festivals Regional Highlight Cities

Top Tourist Destinations Guide
Andhra Pradesh :: Arunachal Pradesh :: Dardar & Nagar Haveli :: Delhi :: Goa :: Gujarat :: Himachal Pradesh :: Jammu & Kashmir :: Karnataka :: Kerala :: Lakshadweep :: Madhya Pradesh :: Maharashtra :: Orissa :: Pondicherry :: Punjab :: Rajasthan :: Tamil Nadu ::Uttar Pradesh :: Uttaranchal :: West Bengal

Hotel In Top Tourist Destinations

Bangalorehotels.net :: Bhubaneshwar-hotels.com :: Bikaner-hotels.com :: Calcutta-hotels.com :: Chennai-hotels.com :: Delhihotels.net :: Goa-hotels.net :: Jaipur-hotels.com :: Jaisalmer-hotels.com :: Jodhpur-hotels.com :: Kerala-hotels.com :: Khajuraho-hotels.com :: Mumbaihotels.net :: Rajasthanhotelinfo.com :: Udaipur-hotels.com :: Varanasi-hotels.com

Journey By Rail

Travel / Tours Packages

Indianpalaceonwheels.com :: India-royalorient.com India-travelpackages.com :: Tours-package.india-travel.com :: South-india-holiday-package.com :: North-india-holiday-package.com :: Indian-wildlife.com

Travel Portal

www.india-travel.com :: www.indiatravelinfo.com