|Area||11.44 sq km.|
|Temperature||Summer : Max 14.89 °C, Min 8.59 °C.
Winter : Max 6.11 °C, Min 1.05 °C.
|Languages||English, Bengali, Gorkha, Nepali and Tibetan.|
Darjeeling popularly known as the "Queens of Hill Stations" offers a picturesque view of the Himalayan panorama. It is a superlative combination of fern-filled valleys, snow-capped peaks and tea-scented air. Darjeeling is famous for tea gardens, magnificent view of the Himalayas, Kanchenjunga peak, beautiful valleys, trekking to high altitude and famous toy train. As it is Darjeeling attracts botanists, ornithologists, adventurers, photographers and holidaymakers alike. With its array of scenic wonders and a rich folk culture, Darjeeling has something for everyone.
The name Darjeeling is a composition of 'dorje' meaning 'thunderbolt' and 'ling' meaning 'place' ... 'the Land of Thunderbolt'. Until the beginning of the 18th century the Darjeeling belonged to the rajas of Sikkim. In 1780 they lost Darjeeling to Gurkhas. A series of wars were fought between the Gurkhas and East India Company, eventually leading to the defeat of the Gurkhas.
Campbell (from British) built the district and laid the foundation of the, now multi-million dollar tea industry in 1841. Now after freedom Darjeeling had developed a lot and numerous tea gardens had been established. Since the formation of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council in 1988 the hill areas fall under its jurisdiction. It has elected Councillors and they have the authority in managing certain affairs of the hill like education, tourism, health etc. Its beauty attracts the tourist from all over the world.
The festivals which are celebrated in Darjeeling are :-
Lepcha/Bhutia New Year's Day :- It is celebrated in the 1st week of January during Makar Sankranti when the colorful fairs are held along the Teest River.
Losar Tibetan New Year's Day :- It is celebrated in February. Colorful Tibetan folk-dances are staged in monasteries on this day.
Durga Puja/Dussehra :- Goddess Durga is worshipped and beautiful images of her are immersed in the water after taking them in colorful processions
Best season to visit Darjeeling is between March to May and September to November. Bring light woolen clothing during summer and heavy woolens in winter.