|Area||10,107 sq. km.|
|Altitude||559 m above sea level.|
|Temperature||Summer : Max 39°C, Min 21.5°C.
Winter : Max 31.3°C, Min 10°C.
|Rainfall||557 mm average yearly.|
|Languages||English, Marathi, Hindi and Urdu.|
Aurangabad city is located in the northern part of the state of Maharashtra in the western region of India. It is 403 km from Mumbai (Bombay). Surrounded by hills, the city is on the banks of the Kham River. The city boasts of Bibi-Ka-Maqbara, a tomb that has some resemblance to the Taj Mahal. The importance of aurangabad is great, owing to its proximity with world heritage sites of Ajanta and Ellora. These sites have Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu temples.
Aurangabad is tinged with a distinctive Arabian aura. The city was named after Aurangzeb but earlier it was known as Khadke. Square shaped, stone homes with smooth edges lone the street in small sections of town. Very few people use this new name and the city's Muslim Havor is evident/ tangible amidst the tourist boom and the economic development typist of Mumbai's hinterland. Their efforts like most of their kind however seem an ineffectual charade of semantics; few use the new name, Sambhaji nagar and the city's Muslim flavor endures amid the tourist boom and the economic development typical of Mumbai's hinterland.
Buddhism was introduced to this region during the reign of the powerful Mauryan Emperors and its rapid acceptance is evident in the profusion of Buddhist cave temples found in and around modern aurangabad. The Hindu temples of Ajanta Ellora built by the kings of the Satvahana and Rashtrakuta dynasties predate the influx of Buddhism. Strategically located in the centre of India, the region was considered the safest from the marauding armies of the Afghan and Central Asian raiders. The Tughlaq King Mohammed bin Tughlaq of the Delhi Sultanate moved his capital from Delhi, along with the citizens to this area in the 14th century but failed due to poor logistical planning.
Buddha Jayanti :- Buddha Jayanti is celebrated with great zeal here. Mass prayers are offered in community halls and public places and procession with floates are taken around the city.
Khuldabad Urs :- Rabi-Ul-Awal. For five days each year, during the month of Rabi-Ul-Awal, Muslims gather at the tomb of Khawaja. Muntajabuddin at Khultabad to pay homage to the hallowed saint.
The climate of aurangabad is temperate with moderate winters in the months of November-February and hot summers from April through to June. The summers are hot and winters are warm. But it is better to come here between October and march.